Symptoms of a food allergy and asthma are hives, nausea, rash, diarrhea, or vomiting. In addition to this, asthma symptoms include: shortness of breath and wheezing. Some people may experience anaphylaxis in addition to asthma symptoms.
Anaphylaxis and an asthma attack tend to have the same symptoms. It may begin to be very difficult to breathe. It is important to understand the difference between the two. If you believe it is an asthma attack, and your usual medications are not helping your symptoms, then it is likely anaphylaxis. In these cases, it is best to use a dose of epinephrine and be seen by your physician immediately.
While food induced asthma episodes are very uncommon, they do happen on occasion. The most common foods that can trigger an attack are: shellfish, fish, wheat, milk, eggs, peanuts, soy and wheat. Food preservatives can also be the cause of asthma attacks, such as those found in dried fruits, bottled lemon juice, or wine. Typically a reaction is due to an allergy to sulfites, which is used in preservatives. A reaction to a food will typically occur within two hours of ingesting the food. In most cases though, the reaction will occur within minutes of eating something, however, it is not impossible for the reaction to happen up to six hours later.
In most cases, this is also caused by a family history of allergic asthma. If you have hay fever or other allergies, then you are also at a higher risk of getting asthma.
The first step of treatment is to know what foods trigger a reaction. Once you know what foods are causing the trigger, then you will want to avoid the food completely. Avoiding the trigger food is the best option, but in case of emergency, it is best to keep an epinephrine or rescue inhalers with you at all times. If you have food induced asthma, then your physician will recommend medications, long-term and rescue to control symptoms and prevent attacks from occurring. You must continue to take long-term medications to keep both allergies and asthma under control.
Your physician may also recommend allergy shots in an effort to desensitize your body to the allergen. Allergy shots may be beneficial as they will help to treat allergic reactions and will also decrease asthma symptoms.
A leukotriene modifier may also be used to treat allergy and asthma symptoms. This is a daily medication that controls the immune systems chemical release. If the allergic reaction does not occur, then it is likely that the asthma reactions will not occur too.
Anti-immunoglobulin E therapy is used to interfere with the IgE when it comes into contact with the body. This medication helps to prevent allergic reactions and helps to avoid asthma reactions.
Once you have identified what your food allergy is and the reactions that will take place, then your physician will help to create an asthma action plan or allergy action plan with you.
Most commonly, food induced asthma is caused by ingestion, but in some cases, it can be done through inhalation. The most common symptoms include coughing, wheezing, or asthma attacks. Symptoms will vary between each person. It is crucial to record your symptoms for your physician so they know what happens during an attack.
A food induced asthma episode can be caused by an exposure to a food. In severe allergy cases, you may not even have to ingest the food, but just be exposed to the odor or particles in the air. This can occur mainly with nuts or fish. This can cause a serious reaction in people with allergies. Many people know to avoid ingesting certain foods, but many people may not realize that they need to eliminate any exposure to the allergen in general.
To begin treatment, it is important to know what exactly the triggers are. When the allergens have been diagnosed, then you can properly avoid the allergen. For example, if you asthma is caused by inhaling seafood, then you will want to avoid seafood restaurants or cooking seafood in your home. Your physician will recommend completing an allergy test in order to properly identify the allergens. Once this is complete, then the physician will recommend long-term medications as well as rescue medications to keep the allergies and asthma under control.
Once the trigger has been identified, your physician may recommend going through allergy shots if the symptoms are serious. These allergy shots will help in controlling symptoms and in return, controlling your asthma. A leukotriene inhibitor is another treatment option. This is a daily drug that will control the immune system and the chemical release that occurs. This works because it eliminates the allergic reaction, which will eliminate the asthma attack too.
Be sure to record your symptoms and when they occur. Your physician will aid in recommending treatment and an asthma action plan. The physician should also monitor progress. If your asthma and allergies are not getting better, then you may need to increase the dose of medication that you are taking. The best method of treatment is to avoid the allergen, however, sometimes that is not possible. Since this is impossible, it is important to take your long-term medication daily or as prescribed. When you are having an attack, you must follow the asthma action plan that your physician has helped you write out. If the rescue medication does not help the symptoms to get better, then it may be necessary to go to the emergency room. The emergency room will administer medications to get the asthma and allergic reaction under control. Once everything is back to normal, then you may need to wait a few more hours to ensure you will not experience another attack. Once you are cleared, then the physician will give you specific instructions on what to do in case of another attack once you leave. If you experience another attack shortly after leaving, you may be administered to the hospital to watch symptoms.
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